Ancestry has just posted a collection of British phone books published between 1880, the year after the public telephone service was introduced to the UK, and 1984, from the historic phone book collection held by BT Archives. The books contain more than 71 million records. Below is information taken from the database description.
The database currently contains 772 phone booksÂ published between 1880, the year after the public telephone service was introduced to the UK, and 1984, from the historic phone book collection held by BT Archives. Whilst this collection does not currently contain fully county coverage, earlier directories generally cover wider geographic areas due to lower comparative levels of telephone ownership.
The current releases (1 and 2) have a particular geographic emphasis on the following parts of the UK:
- The South East
- Eastern Counties
- North West England
- The Midlands
About Phone Books
The largest section of the phone book, and generally the most significant for family historians, is the alphabetical listings or directory. The alphabetical listings typically contains the following details:
- Surname of person (usually the head of household) or name of business
- Exchange (up to 1968)
- Telephone Number
Phone books also contain an introduction of useful local and operational information. Located at the front of the book these pages may contain lists of abbreviations used, contact information for important government agencies, instructions on how to make long distance calls, explanations of the exchanges and their coverage, or other necessary information in order to use the phone book and telephone equipment. The introduction is not searchable and can only be seen by using the browse function.
Advertisements for local businesses occasionally appear at the tops and bottoms of the alphabetical listings pages, as well as on full separate pages designated as such. Advertisements cannot be searched independently but can be seen by selecting the image of the phone book following searching for a name in close alphabetical proximity or by using the browse function.
Why use Phone Books?
Phone books are very useful for pinpointing individuals in a particular place and time. While censuses were only conducted once every ten years, phone books were published around every one to two years, creating in essence, an almost year by year record of individuals’ geographic locations and movements. This makes it possible to locate many individuals in between census years and especially to find family members during years in which censuses are not currently available to the public. For reference, the latest viewable UK census is 1901, and will remain so until early 2012 when the 1911 census can be released.
Phone books are also very telling of an individual’s economic and social status since telephone ownership is a prerequisite to an individual’s inclusion within this collection. Early subscribers to the telephone service were typically large businesses or the well-to-do. Telephone ownership gradually increased, reflected by a corresponding growth in the size and number of phone books, and from the second quarter of the twentieth century became more commonly adopted by domestic subscribers.
While the alphabetical listings in the phone book will likely be of most interest to researchers, if your ancestor owned a business the advertisement section might also be of interest. There you may learn the location of and type of goods and services sold or offered by the business. This may lead you to additional research in occupational records.
BT actively supports the preservation of Britain’s communications heritage. BT has published its commitment in its Heritage Policy (www.bt.com/archives) and its Connected Earth initiative enables the exploration of communications past, present and future both online (www.connected-earth.com) and via a network of partner museums around the UK.