Posted by Rebecca Simpson on October 30, 2015 in Collections, Guest Bloggers, United Kingdom

To coincide with the recent nationwide release of the film ‘Suffragette’, the official watch list containing details of over 1,300 suffragette arrests has been published online by Ancestry, in association with The National Archives.

Digitised from the original record held at The National Archives in Kew, the online collection available on Ancestry – England, Suffragettes Arrested, 1906-1914 – lists the names of those arrested for the cause, along with the places and number of times they were arrested (HO 45/24665).

The records feature details on the detention of some of the notable female activists, such as Sylvia and Emmeline Pankhurst, Annie Kenney and Emily Wilding Davison.

Suffragettes, Annie Kenny, Christabel Pankhurst
Annie Kenny and Christabel Pankhurst in 1906 (TNA catalogue reference: COPY 1/494)

 

Emily Wilding Davison HO 45-24665
Emily Wilding Davison entry on Home Office list of suffragettes arrested 1906-1914 (TNA catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

 

Listed under each suffragette are the places and number of times they were arrested: one suffragette, Annie Bell, was arrested a staggering 14 times. Occasionally there are added notes which give an insight into the treatment of suffragettes, such as the entry for Frances Gordon which reads ‘Replies to questions on forcible feeding have been registered’.

Frances Gordon HO 45-24665
Frances Gordon’s entry on Home Office list of suffragettes arrested 1906-1914 (TNA catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

Suffragettes: not just women

Mr C W Bryce the photographer dressed as a suffragette
Mr C W Bryce the photographer dressed as a suffragette

One of the interesting insights this record provides is the number of male activists who campaigned and were arrested as part of the suffragette movement. The record reveals the names of over 100 men, as well as over 1,200 women, detained as a result of their fight for equal voting rights at the turn of the 20th century.

One male activist was Hugh Arthur Franklin, who was arrested five times from 1910-13 and was the first person to be released under the famous Cat and Mouse Act of 1913

A family affair

The records show that the suffragette movement could involve the whole family – the most famous example being Sylvia, Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst, of course. However, there were many other suffragette families, such as Isabella and Eileen Casey, mother and daughter – who I wrote about in my previous blog, after meeting their relative who was researching family history here at The National Archives.

Casey sister HO 45-24665
Eileen and Isabella Casey’s entry on the Home Office list (TNA catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

The official watchlist also shows where women used aliases to conceal their identities. When you get to the index tab ‘U’, there are vast numbers of arrests listed as ‘unknown’, presumably where the person has refused to give their name. However, in quite a few instances it is then followed by a name, which was probably added afterwards if they received the details by other means.

Unknowns HO 45-24665
‘Unknown’ entries on Home Office list of suffragettes arrested 1906-1914 (TNA catalogue reference HO 45/24665)

Arrests across Britain and Ireland

While the majority of arrests were in London, specifically Westminster and Bow Street due to the main protests being held outside Government buildings, these records reveal the extent of the oppression throughout Britain and Ireland.

There were arrests in big cities such as Birmingham, Bristol, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Glasgow and Dublin – but it doesn’t end there. It also shows the spread throughout other towns and cities such as Southend-on-Sea, Oxford, Cheltenham, Crewe, Croydon and Bromley.

There are a number of records in our collection on the suffragette movement, which are part of a number of file series such as Home Office and Metropolitan Police records. You can view and download copies of a selection of extracts and photographs from across the collection on our image library and read more about the suffragettes on The National Archives blog.

 

 

Rebecca Simpson

Rebecca Simpson joined The National Archives’ press office in November 2012 and is part of the team that helps generate media coverage and raise awareness of The National Archives' diverse collection of records which includes the annual release of files, UFOs, MI5 as well as some more quirky treasures. You can follow the Press Office on Twitter @TNApressofficer.

3 Comments

  1. Janice

    This is not meant as a criticism. Our women’s rights forewomen are usually referred to as suffragettes. They referred to themselves as suffragists. Not using the diminutive “ettes”. Out of profound respect for them, I usually speak out about this :). Thanks for a good article.

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