Posted by Amy Johnson Crow on April 25, 2014 in Research
"A farm, Bethel, Vt.," circa 1943. From the Library of Congress Photo Collection, 1840-2000.
“A farm, Bethel, Vt.,” circa 1943. From the Library of Congress Photo Collection, 1840-2000.

What’s the first thing you think of when you think of Vermont? Snow? Maple syrup? How about land conflicts and boundary changes? Those last two might not show up in travel brochures, but they are definitely important parts of Vermont.

The land that is now Vermont has been fought over by Native Americans, the British, and the French. Even after the French ceded the land to England, it was still up in the air over who controlled it: New York or New Hampshire. The colonial governors of both New York and New Hampshire granted land in present-day Vermont, which created a lot of confusion and slowed down migration into the area.

In 1777, Vermont’s petition to join the Union was rejected. Still desiring to be separate from Britain, Vermont declared itself an independent republic. Its constitution was the first in North America to abolish slavery, provide for public schools, and remove land ownership as a requirement for voting.

Vermont should be near and dear to the hearts of many genealogists, even those who don’t have ancestors from the Green Mountain State. Vermont is a leader in granite. For well over a century, Vermont quarries and stone carvers have been making tombstones and monuments for cemeteries around the world.

Our new free state guide, “Vermont Resources: Family History Sources in the Green Mountain State,” has an overview and timeline of the state, along with resources to explore when searching for your Vermont ancestors. Guides for other states are also available here.


Amy Johnson Crow

Amy Johnson Crow is a Certified Genealogist and an active lecturer and author. Her roots run deep in the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic states. She earned her Masters degree in Library and Information Science at Kent State University. Amy loves to help people discover the joys of learning about their ancestors and she thinks that there are few things better than a day in a cemetery. You can find her on Facebook, Twitter, and Amy Johnson Crow.


  1. Sophie

    Another great resource for research in Central VT is

    Happy searching!


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