The National Library of Ireland (NLI) or in Irish, Leabharlann NÃ¡isiÃºnta na hÃ‰ireann, was established in 1877 as a repository for books, manuscripts, newspapers, maps, and illustrations relating to Irish history and culture.
The building, which opened in September 1890, is currently undergoing renovation and ongoing improvements. Before your visit, you might want to visit their website for a virtual tour. This will give you an idea of what to expect when you visit for the first time. The National Library of Ireland is considered to be among the most beautiful libraries in the world.
The website of the National Library provides a description of the collections as well as access to their online catalogues. Guides to Irish genealogy, such as â€œTracing Your Irish Ancestors,â€ by John Grenham provide a useful introduction to sources at the NLI, which include Roman Catholic parish registers and newspapers.
How to Get There
The library is located on Kildare Street. (Itâ€™s number 2 on the map of Dublin repositories that accompanies this article. Click on the image to enlarge it.) Many researchers stay in Buswellâ€™s Hotel on the corner of Kildare Street and Molesworth Street, just across the road. However there are a variety of hotels and guest house in this part of Dublin which would be walking distance to the library. For summer visitors, rooms (dorm standard) are available in Trinity College Dublin.
If you are planning a brief visit and only wish to consult newspapers or parish registers on microfilm, you can obtain a plastic badge. But if you are planning to use other materials, you should apply for the full readerâ€™s ticket which will be issued for a period of three years. You can download an application form from the NLI website. Bring a current photo ID (your passport or current driverâ€™s license) and two passport size photographs to the desk in the main hall. There is no charge for the readerâ€™s ticket and it is ready in a few minutes.
The full NLI readerâ€™s ticket is essential if you plan to consult items in the Manuscript Reading Room. You can apply to the librarian on duty in the main reading room before 5 p.m., but not during lunchtime (12:30 p.m. to 2 p.m.).
All bags, coats, and non-essential materials must be stored in the self-service lockers. There is a locker room at the foot of the main staircase, but it is often full. Head down the corridor to the right of the readerâ€™s ticket desk and use one of the lockers outside the cafÃ©. Ask a member of the staff to show you how to program your number as it can be a bit tricky the first time. The coffee in the cafÃ© is excellent, by the way, and it is very handy to have lunch or a well-deserved break there.
How Does the Library Work?
The NLI holds a range of resources which can only be briefly described in this article. Study the library website before your visit to familiarize yourself with the collections it holds.Â
Genealogical Advisory Service
The Reading Room is on the first floor via the main staircase. Stop on the landing and enter the room to your left where you will find a free advisory service for family history researchers. In addition to advisors, you will find a good collection of reference books and computer databases for genealogical research.
What Am I Looking For?
Perhaps the single most frequently used resource for genealogical research is the collection of Roman Catholic parish registers on microfilm. Parish registers for other religious denominations are available at a variety of locations. Catholic registers were microfilmed in the 1960s so most are available only up to 1880 under the eighty-year confidentiality agreement with church authorities.
Lists of Catholic parishes can be found on the library website.Â It is important to note that this year, the Director of the National Library of Ireland lifted all restrictions on access to parish registers. You no longer need a letter of permission to access any registers held at the National Library.
When you exit the Genealogical Advisory Service, head for the microfilm reading room across the landing. This room is allocated for readers viewing parish registers. You are not permitted to make copies of registers so pencils and paper are essential. Choose a microfilm reader, note the number and complete a docket to request the film noting the â€œp.â€ number of the film. Bring the request docket to the main desk in the reading room on the first floor.
Return to the microfilm reading room. In less than ten minutes, a staff member will bring you your film. As microfilm machines differ, ask him or her to show you how to put the film on correctly.
Some of the microfilm registers are in poor condition and difficult to read due to the age of the film or the condition of the original register. Many are in Latin and require enormous patience and persistence. However, there is no substitute for seeing a copy of an original register, and youâ€™ll feel great satisfaction when you find that baptismal or marriage record.
This has been a brief introduction to one of the most important genealogical resources in Ireland. I hope you will enjoy your visit and will be well prepared to maximize your time and enjoy the research process.
Eileen Ã“ DÃºill is a Dublin-based professional Irish genealogist who specializes in legal and probate research. She is a member of the Association of Professional Genealogists in Ireland and serves as a Director of Irish Genealogy Ltd., the Irish government’s advisory body on genealogy. Eileen is the International Trustee for Britain and Ireland of the Association of Professional Genealogists of the U.S.A. She has lectured at National Genealogical Society Conferences and at the Federation of Genealogical Societies Conferences since 1999.