The Year Was 1893

Columbian Exposition, Chicago, Illinois, 1893 (From Library of Congress Photo Collection at Ancestry.com)The year was 1893 and it marked the beginning of a four-year-long depression in the United States. Britain and Europe’s economic woes preceded troubles in the U.S. and led to a reduction in investments in the United States. Economic policy, with heavy reliance on the gold standard, also contributed to the depression, as did the overproduction of agricultural products from a growing farm belt. Farmers had been moving westward with the new ability to transport produce via expanded rail systems and the additional goods drove market prices down. The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad collapsed in February and more than 15,000 companies and 500 banks would follow leading to a sharp rise in unemployment.  Double-digit unemployment rates peaked at an estimated 18 percent in 1894 and would remain through the crisis.

Despite financial troubles, the country put on its best face as the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 opened in Chicago, Illinois. More than 27 million visitors attended this world-class event, taking advantage of railroads to converge on Chicago to explore the various venues filled with the latest mechanical innovations, agricultural advances, and cultural treasures. Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show thrilled audiences as food and exhibits from around the world amazed spectators. (Click on the image to enlarge the bird’s-eye view of the exposition, from the Library of Congress Photo Collection at Ancestry.com.)

For some, the return trip from Chicago would bring tragedy; two trains collided in Battle Creek, Michigan, killing 27 people on the special train returning tourists from the exposition to the East Coast.
Further south, another disaster struck in August when a hurricane struck Savannah, Georgia, and then moved northward over the Sea Islands to Charleston leaving more than 1,000 dead and 15,000 homeless in its wake. Another storm in October struck Cheniere Caminada, near Grand Isle, Louisiana, killing half of the resort town’s 1,600 residents. 

In Colorado, women won the right to vote by election and New Zealand became the first self-governing country to grant women’s suffrage. 
 
The independent Kingdom of Hawaii was invaded by United States Marines in 1893 and its Queen Lili’uokalani surrendered her throne to a provisional government made up of white sugar plantation owners.

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5 thoughts on “The Year Was 1893

  1. This complete article on the Columbian Expedition in 1893 or the World’s Fair as I grew up knowing it was very interesting. I have an engraved etched glass from there that belonged to my g-g-grandmother with her name and World’s Fair 1893 etched into it. We value it not for monitary but for a part of her.
    Pamela Smith

  2. I know this is the most important correction…but grammatical errors are my pet-peeve. “Father south, another disaster struck” not further.
    Judy Rosen

  3. I am printing and filing all of the “Year was” articles….they are helping me understand what was going on with the ancestors and will flesh out my family history. Is there anywhere I can find the comparison of the dollar then and to today…..that is, a chart showing the inflation ratio of various decades? You mentioned it in the 1924 year, etc. This would give me an idea of what the value of property was compared to today’s dollar. Thank you.

  4. Father South? who might he be ? and might we have to travel Farther South to find him ?…

  5. My Grandfather was a waiter in a German beer hall. He was about 12 years old and used the name Hans, though he was mostly scotch-Irish whose given name was Asa. He had an old beer mug with the name “Hans” printed on it. His stepfather was an Austrian and managed the beer hall.

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